Lietal is an experimental synthetic language.
Lietal is written from left to right with implicit neutrality, singularity and at the present tense. For the most part, its 6 vowels and 9 consonants are voiced similarly to their English equivalents. Sustained vowels, such as "ä", are indicated with the trema. The Lietal "e"is very short, a barely audible junction between two consonants.
|I /i/||leaves||Y /ɨ/||journey||E /e/||never|
|A /ə/||hexagram||O /ɔ/||automobile||U /u/||new|
|K [k]||kiss||T [t]||title||D [d]||device|
|R [ʁ]||return||S [s]||symphony||L [l]||ligature|
|J [ʐ]||menagerie||V [v]||video||F [f]||festival|
Building words from Lietal's phonemes is called Childspeak. It makes for long rhythmical and syllabic words, its main usage is in loan words and to express of emphasis or exclamation. This documentation uses the phonetically denser form Adultspeak where patterns of duplicated consonants and vowels are condensed.
|CVCV||lili > ïl||falili > afïl||fafalili > äfïl|
|CVCv||lila > ila||falila > afila||fafolila > afoila|
|CVcV||viki > ïvek||faviki > afïvek||fafoviki > afoïvek|
|CVcv||lika > ileka||falika > afileka||favolika > afevoileka|
A single syllable of childspeak is reversed, so "vo"becomes ov. A sequence of consonant, like "lyla", is condensed into yla. A sequence of vowels, like "lara", is condensed into äler, in which an additional short "e"is added inbetween the two consonants. When no sequence of consonants or vowels are present, an extra vowel is also added between the consonants, so "lira", is transformed into ilera.
Lietal words are built from the combination of the 9 Elementary Particles, and each one contains a consonant & a vowel.
|Objective||Ky traverse-type||Ty state-type||Dy scale-type|
|Observative||Ry direction-type||Sy relation-type||Ly counter-type|
|Subjective||Jy modality-type||Vy alignment-type||Fy action-type|
Words are not created, but found among the permutations of the nine elementary particles, making for a total of 27 Elementary Constructs. These elementary constructs can be combined with each other, to create more complex ideas.
|Objective||KY traverse||TY state||DY scale|
|• Ki parent||• Ti psychologic||• Di complex|
|• Ka location||• Ta phisionomic||• Da organic|
|• Ko child||• To physic||• Do synthetic|
|Observative||RY direction||SY relation||LY counter|
|• Ri outward||• Si unit||• Li multiple|
|• Ra position||• Sa together||• La single|
|• Ro inward||• So separate||• Lo none|
|Subjective||JY modality||VY alignment||FY action|
|• Ji definitive||• Vi positive||• Fi to do|
|• Ja possible||• Va unknown||• Fa to see|
|• Jo impossible||• Vo negative||• Fo to be|
For example, aferi(to show), is built of the elementary constructs af(to see) and ir(outward). The word for dictionary is Äselodeta, which literally means a collection of words, built from as(together) and alodeta(word). The leading syllable determines a word's type, for example, aferi inherits the action-type from af(to see), therefore anything that begins with af can be assumed to be an action word relating to sight.
The order of words follows the table of Elementary Particles. In a typical sentence, traverse-type("k") words will be found at the beginning, and action-type("f") words, at the end. The following sequence of letters is the normal flow of a sentence, when a sentence must break the word order, commas are used. Notice the word order in the following sentence, and specifically how a comma is used to join two sentences that would normaly break the word order.
|Okïder aki oferi||I am going home soon.|
|akodeti oreka, aki oferi||I am going home, from the library.|
Traverse-type words are meant to navigate a hierarchy, and are often used at the beginning of a sentence. To be at a place, in Lietal, is made explicit with the "ak"marker, like ak arodeti for "at school", and ok arodeti for "in school".
Ak odaki, okïder ilero ofïrek, "We are at the house, we are leaving soon".
State-type words are meant to define the state of existence of something. Where it will speak of the idea, or concept of a thing, at will speak of the shape of a thing, and ot will speak of the thing itself. The difference can be better explained when used in an action, or with the examples: ïfet(to imagine), ifeta(to design) & ifeto(to build).
Scale-type words are used to define things that are made od(machines, products), from life-itself ad(fauna, flora) and from things that makes life id(time, space).
Aki ïder of, "I will be at home" Aleri ïder af, "I will see you later"
Direction-type words are used to change the attributes of a concept, to transition toward something other or to create a conceptual arrow.
Relation-type words will most often be used as particles to create the equivalence of English particles "and"and "with", or to create enumerations.
Äkes aleri alero, "Between you and I"
Counter-type words are often used to create subject pronouns, or parts of larger concepts like months in a year, or an item in a series. A sentence, by default, is expected to be at the 1st person, if a pronoun has not already been declared, pronouns are often omitted when possible. The basic Lietal singular pronouns are aleri(you), äler(he she), alero(i). The basic plural pronouns are ïler(yous), ilera(they), ilero(we).
Alero oferi, "I am going" Ilera oferi, "They are going"
Modality-type words are usually used to create words like "couldn't", "could", "must", or ojefy, ajefy, ijefy.
Ijefy ävek oferi, "Where must I go?" Ajefy äved of, "Who might you be?"
Alignment-type words are used to express a standing on a specific topic, for example, to express that something is wanted or not. Many of the daily expressions of greetings are also created from iv, for example, ivero(welcome) is made from iv(positive) & or(inward). This pattern can be expanded to mean things like ïvef(well done), or even iveda(health).
Ivero avefy?, "Hello, how are you?" ïver, okïder af!, "Good Bye, see you soon!"
Action-type words are usually used at the end of a sentence and are generally built from the fy family. The sentence "I take the book home"is translated to ok otodeta aki ifero, following the
K T F structure. Or another example, "I give you the book", could be translated to ok otodeta aleri ïfer, following the
K T L F structure.
Lietal aj afeti?, "Can you understand Lietal?". Ok aki afivero, "I welcome you home".
Last update on 19Y14, edited 145 times.