Created in 1998, Traumae is a synthetic language by Devine Lu Linvega for language processing experiments and research.
The Traumae language has 27 root syllables, each associated to a core idea - combinable and specific, to make all permutations of its alphabet possible. Written from left to right with implicit neutrality, words and groups of word are both ruled by the same grammatical logics. And so, a single letter or a word will work as a function onto the succeeding pieces of the phrase.
It wouldn't be wrong to assume that traumae has 27 core words, and to learn these few concepts should be enough to guess at what a new word might mean. In practice, the relationship between sounds and meanings can become very blurry, it is good to rely on both memory and logic while learning traumae.
|ki ki||parent||xi xi||psychology||si si||complexity|
|ti ti||instance||di di||physiognomy||li li||organicity|
|pi pi||children||bi bi||physicality||vi vi||syntheticity|
|ka ka||inwardness||xa xa||addition||sa sa||multiplicity|
|ta ta||inanimate||da da||equality||la la||uniqueness|
|pa pa||outwardness||ba ba||less||va va||noneness|
|ko ko||impossibility||xo xo||positivity||so so||observation|
|to to||possibility||do do||unknown||lo lo||existance|
|po po||specificity||bo bo||negativity||vo vo||action|
Similarly to how kanji compound words work, Traumae constructs are formed by combining letters from its alphabet. To give you a sense of the possibilities of Traumae, the following table will show you how to create many words stemming from the so letter, in combination with the ka, ta & pa syllables.
|so||soka||to look into||sota||to picture||sopa||to look back|
|lo||loka||to enter||lota||to stay||lopa||to leave|
|vo||voka||to get||vota||to have||vopa||to give|
A common difficulty with Traumae is to properly divide the words and to use the correct sequence of letter to express a specific concept - or which letter comes first in xoka, why is it not kaxo.
|Do loka||is it entering?||Dolo ka||who is coming?|
Traumae's grammar is asexual and its pronouns are divided into four families and three persons, where "it" is included in the third family.
The following table shows the permutations of tenses and modality of the three main traumae verbs/actions. Additional verbs can be created by mixing traumae axioms, for example, soxi means to think and palo means to grow.
|Normal||was seeing||tika so||am seeing||so||will be seeing||tipa so|
|was being||tika lo||am being||lo||will be||tipa lo|
|was doing||tika vo||am doing||vo||will be doing||tipa vo|
|Impossible||could not see||tika ko so||cannot see||ko so||will not see||tipa ko so|
|could not be||tika ko lo||cannot be||ko lo||will not be||tipa ko lo|
|could not do||tika ko vo||cannot do||ko vo||will not do||tipa ko vo|
|Potential||could see||tika to so||can see||to so||might see||tipa to so|
|could be||tika to lo||can be||to lo||might be||tipa to lo|
|could do||tika to vo||can do||to vo||might do||tipa to vo|
|Certainty||must have seen||tika to so||must see||to so||will have to see||tipa to so|
|must have been||tika po lo||must be||po lo||will have to be||tipa po lo|
|must have done||tika po vo||must do||po vo||will have to do||tipa po vo|
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