Traumae Octamber 18, 2014

Created in 1998, Traumae is a synthetic language by Devine Lu Linvega for language processing experiments and research.

ka(li)
inward + organicity
kali
Female
kail
Female, spelling

The Traumae language has 27 root syllables, each associated to a core idea - combinable and specific, to make all permutations of its alphabet possible. Written from left to right with implicit neutrality, words and groups of word are both ruled by the same grammatical logics. And so, a single letter or a word will work as a function onto the succeeding pieces of the phrase.

The Alphabet

It wouldn't be wrong to assume that traumae has 27 core words, and to learn these few concepts should be enough to guess at what a new word might mean. In practice, the relationship between sounds and meanings can become very blurry, it is good to rely on both memory and logic while learning traumae.

TraversingStateOrigin
ki parent xi psychology si complexity
ti instance di physiognomy li organicity
pi children bi physicality vi syntheticity
DirectionTransformationCounters
ka inwardness xa addition sa multiplicity
ta inanimate da equality la uniqueness
pa outwardness ba subtraction va noneness
ModalityAlignmentInteraction
ko impossibility xo positivity so communication
to possibility do unknown lo existance
po specificity bo negativity vo interaction

Similarly to how kanji compound words work, Traumae constructs are formed by combining letters from its alphabet. To give you a sense of the possibilities of Traumae, the following table will show you how to create many words stemming from the so letter, in combination with the ka letter.

katapa
sosokato observesotato picturesopato show
lolokato enterlotato staylopato leave
vovokato takevotato havevopato give

A common difficulty with Traumae is to properly divide the words and to use the correct sequence of letter to express a specific concept - or which letter comes first in xoka, why is it not kaxo.

Do lokais it entering?Dolo kawho is coming?

The Pronouns

Traumae's grammar is asexual and its pronouns are divided into four families and three persons, where "it" is included in the third family.

  Nominative Oblique Genitive Possessive
English traumae English traumae English traumae English traumae
1st person singular Ilak metilak mypilak minetpilaak
plural wesak ustisak ourpisak ourstpisaak
2nd person singular youlap youtilap yourpilap yourstpilaap
plural yousap youtisap yourpisap yourstpisaap
3rd person singular he/shelat themtilat theirpilat theirstpilaat
plural theysat themtisat theirpisat theirstpisaat

The Verbs

The following table shows the permutations of tenses and modality of traumae.

TensePastPresentFuture
English traumae English traumae English traumae
Normal was thinkingtiak so am thinking so will be thinking tiap so
was being tiak lo am being lo will be tiap lo
was doing tiak vo am doing vo will be doing tiap vo
Impossible could not thinktiak ko so cannot think ko so will not think tiap ko so
could not be tiak ko lo cannot be ko lo will not be tiap ko lo
could not do tiak ko vo cannot do ko vo will not do tiap ko vo
Potential could think tiak to so can think to so might think tiap to so
could be tiak to lo can be to lo might be tiap to lo
could do tiak to vo can do to vo might do tiap to vo
Certainty must have thought tiak to so must think to so will have to think tiap to so
must have been tiak po lo must be po lo will have to be tiap po lo
must have done tiak po vo must do po vo will have to do tiap po vo

The Functions

A preliminary list of particles, this is a work in progress.

TypeCategoryEnglishTraumae
PrepositionsSpacialoverki
atti
underpi
Spacial Inwardonkai
inkait
ontokaip
Spacial Stablefortaik
toto
bytaip
Spacial Outwarduppaik
betweenpait
downpai
DeterminersCrementationsmorexa
evenda
lessba
Spacial relativemuch/manyxaol
fairdaol
few/littlebaol
ConjunctionsTemperalafterkipais
now/whiletipais
beforepiais
Spacial relativewhodoix
whichdoi
whatdoib
Spacial relativewhydos
wheredoit
howdov

Basic Lessons

This is a draft for a few Traumae lessons - to get you started, a walkthrough if you may. There are 9 word types. And these lessons will explain to you how to use each and every family, from the simpliest constructs to the more complex ideas. At the end of these lessons, you should be able to express simple ideas. After each lesson, a new grammatical element will be introduced. Each block will teach you words to be reused in the lessons that follow.

Some of these exercises are also explored in a video tutorial.

1. Say yes and no

EnglishTraumaeAdultspeak
positivityxoxo
negativitybobo

The first family that these lessons will explore is the "alignment family". The following 2 words/Aeths will speaks of your position/stance on a topic. "Yes" or "No", "Good" or "Bad". And so your first Traumae word will be Yes, xo.


2. Asking a question

EnglishTraumaeAdultspeak
is it good ?doxodox
is it bad ?dobodob

You now know 2 simple words, that can now be mixed with eachother. As a third word, you need to learn "do". Do is an interogation letter, transforming anything into a question. When combined with "xo", as "doxo", it creates the construct "Is it good?", or simply "good?".


3. Making Verbs

EnglishTraumaeAdultspeak
communicationsoso
existancelolo
interactionvovo

The next most important word family is for actions-type words, or verbs. When used in the beginning of a word, the word will become an action. For instance, turning "a thought" into "to think".


4. Combining previous lessons

EnglishTraumaeAdultspeak
to be seenlosolos
good sightxosoxos
to hopesoxosox

Simple enough, these constructs can also be mixed together to create new concepts.


5. Different types of verbs

EnglishTraumaeAdultspeak
to listenkasokaos
unknowntasotaos
to showpasopaos

The third most important family talks of "direction". We are reaching more complex nuances with this family and the ability to create sentences and to imply directions within constructs. Direction in traumae can be explained as a relative motion from the self. For instance, giving would be an outward gesture, and taking would be inward as it is something that is coming closer to the self.

The following explains will show verbs which do not start with either so,lo or vo.


6. Greetings

EnglishTraumaeAdultspeak
welcomexokaxoak
good byexopaxoap

Let us take a moment to learn how to say "Hello".


Additional Notes

This article has for goal to explain the reasons behind some aspects of the Traumae syntetic language. These notes were inspired or taken from The voidshaper document.

Choice of Aeths

The selection of the core letters are done following a few rules.

While the choice for the simplier letters is easy to understand by comparing them against their opponent, some might be a bit harder to understand, partly due to the fact that they had to be translated into a single english word, where in some cases might not be the best of choices.

The core meanings were not chosen to map the english language perfectly or even to explain everyday tasks. The language was originaly meant to talk of ideas rather than things. You can look at the Divieths Dictionary to see the list of 2 letters permutations.

As highlited in the Voidshaper document, traumae constructs are better explained using the object.method pattern, ex: observation.multiplicity, rather than the X of Y, ex: the multiplicity of observation. And so using this pattern we can look at the core meanings in context as follow:

saso => so.sa(observation.multiplicity) or sight.multiply 

This pattern seems ideal to visualise the letters, where each core letter have 27 associated methods and sentences are but a larger set of methods created from the combination of core letters.

posaso => saso.po

Sounds

The pattern used to create the sound is very visual and should help to form a mental image of the sound for if only a few sounds are know, the remining ones can be extrapolated. The whole alphabet can be mapped onto a cube, splitting the cube into 3 horizontal layers will look as the following table.

Layer 1Layer 2Layer 3
kixisikaxasakoxoso
tidilitadalatodolo
pibivipabavapobovo

If we compare the sounds used in traumae against our alphabet, we get the following graph of unused letters and sounds.

a b c d e f g h i j k l m
n o p q r s t u v w x y z

The sounds go from sharp to round as the letters' meaning are going toward simplicity and materiality.

SharpTransitionRound
K>T>P
X>D>B
S>L>V

Counting System

Below is a draft of the number system, currently base 8.

-1valaLack of 1
0vaLack of
1laOne
2saSmall plural
3daBetween base 2 and base 4
4sasaCombine of two smallest plural(2x2)
5xaActually sasaxa, 4+1
6sadaBetween base 4 and base 8
7baActually sasasaba or lavaba, 8-1
8la vaOne and 0, 10
#Language#Research#Typography#Traumae
Devine Lu Linvega
東京, Japan UTC+9