Language
The Russian page is a series of notes on the language inspired from Tad Perry's 1992 Quick and Dirty Guide to Japanese.
1.0 Cases1.1 Nominative1.2 Accusative1.3 Genitive1.4 Prepositional1.5 Dative1.6 Instrumental2.0 Gender2.1 On pronouns2.2 On adjectives2.3 On verbs3.0 Expressions3.1 Basics3.2 Present tense3.3 Past tense3.4 Future tense4.0 Verbs4.1 Table4.2 Motion verb4.3 Aspects

Introduction

Below are the organized and templated notes from my Russian studies. They might serve you as a good basis to get into the language.

Cases

Nominative

The nominative is the basic(dictionary) form of the noun when removed from context.

Студентка задала вопрос The student asked a question.

Accusative

The accusative is the goal of the action, or the target of the verb.

Учитель открыл окно The teacher opened the window.

Genitive

The genitive is used to express a relationship between two nouns.

Это портофель профессора This is the professor's briefcase.

Prepositional

The prepositional is used when the noun is affected by a preposition.

Dative

The dative is used when the noun is the recipient of an action.

Маша даёт билет борису Masha is giving the ticket to Boris.

Instrumental

The instrumental is used when the noun is the instrument or mean by which an action is performed.

Ученик пишет карандашом The student writes with a pencil.

Gender

On Pronouns

The gender of the noun determines the gender of the pronoun.

Где мой стол Where is my table
Где моё окно Where is my window
Где моя лампа Where is my lamp

On Adjectives

The gender of the noun determines the gender of the adjective.

Это новый стол This is a new table
Это новое окно This is a new window
Это новая лампа This is a new lamp

On Verbs

The gender of the noun determines the predicate verb.

Стол был там The table was there
Окно было там The window was there
Лампа была там The lamp was there

Expressions

Basics

It's amazing how many sentences can be made with knowing these simple 3 words: нет, был & будет.

Студент дома. The student is at home.Студента нет дома. The student is not at home.Студент был дома. The student was home.Студент будет дома. The student will be home.

Present Tense

холодно It is cold не холодно It is not cold
мне холодно I am cold нам холодно We are cold
тебе холодно You are cold вам холодно Yous are cold
ему/ей холодно He/She is cold им холодно They are cold

Past Tense

было холодно It was cold не было холодно It was not cold
мне было холодно I was cold нам было холодно We were cold
тебе было холодно You were cold вам было холодно Yous were cold
ему/ей было холодно He/She was cold им было холодно They were cold

Future Tense

будет холодно It will be cold не быдет холодно It will not be cold
мне будет холодно I shall be cold нам быдет холодно We shall be cold
тебе будет холодно You shall be cold вам быдет холодно Yous shall be cold
ему/ей будет холодно He/She shall be cold им быдет холодно They shall be cold

Verbs

Table

This is the basic conjugation table for a few simple Russian verbs. I always kept this nearby, for reference.

читать
to read
писать
to write
иметь
to have
говорить
to speak
видеть
to see
я читаю пишу имею говорю вижу
ты читаешь пишешь имеешь говоришь видишь
он/она читает пишет имеет говорит видит
мы читаем пишем имеем говорим видим
вы читаете пишете имеете говорите видите
они читают пишут имеут говорят видят

Motion Verb

A few motion verbs like ходить(to go, to come) and идти can be prefixed to create new motion verbs.

Я вхожу в школу. I go into the school.Я прихожу в школу. I arrive at school.
ходить to go, to walk
приходить to come, to arrive
проходить to pass by
уходить to go away, to leave
переходить to cross
входить to go into, to enter
выходить to go out, to exit
подходить to go up to, to approach
отходить to leave(said of a train)

Aspects

Aspects are indicators of completion of an action on some verbs allowing to create further indication of the progress of an action.

Imperfective Perfective
привыкать to try to get used to привыкнуть to be accustomed
решать to work on, to try to solve решить to solve
сдавать to take(an exam) сдать to pass
уговаривать to try to persuade уговорить to convince, to talk into
учить to study выучить to memorize
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