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Lietal is a synthetic language created to experiment with linguistics and translation.

  • 1 Basics
  • 1.2 Phonology
  • 1.3 Morphology
  • 2 Vocabulary
  • 2.2 Pronouns
  • 2.3 Questions
  • 2.4 Tenses
  • 2.5 Verbs
  • 2.6 Prepositions
  • 2.7 Colors
  • 2.8 Numbers
  • 2.9 Foreign words
  • 3 Grammar
  • 3.2 Construction
  • 3.3 Collections
  • 3.4 Settings
  • 3.5 Summary
  • 4 Practice
  • 4.2 Introduction
  • 4.3 Vocabulary
  • 4.4 Dokita taro lyfalo forilora.
  • 5 Development
  • 5.2 Contribute
  • Basics

    Welcome to the Lietal documentation. Viro kär'of lietäl'takït.

    Phonology

    Lietal is written from left to right with implicit neutrality, singularity and under the present tense. For the most part, its 6 vowels and 9 consonants are voiced similarly to their english equivalents.

    6 Vowels
    ileaves ahexagram oautomobile
    enever unew ybuy
    9 Consonants
    kbasic ssymphony jjeovah
    ttitle llength vvideo
    pdevice vvacant ffestival

    Morphology

    Building words from Lietal's phonemes is called childspeak. It makes for rythmical and syllabic words, but which take quite a long time to say. This documentation uses the phonetically denser adultspeak.

    Single syllable words are reversed, so vo becomes ov. Vowel sequences, like lara, are condensed into lär. Consonant sequences, like lyfasa, are condensed into lyfäs.

    ChildspeakAdultspeak
    Yesviiv
    Whojadajäd
    Outsidekikakia
    To Readfatatifatai
    Wheneversalidisalïd

    Aebeth

    The Aebeth is a collection of 9 elementary particles, or Aeths, used to build all Lietal words. The Aeths are made of a key(consonant) and one of the 6 values(vowels).

    KyHierarchy
    VectorKiParent
    KaLocation
    KoChildren
    BoolKeConnect
    KuDisconnect
    TyState
    VectorTiPsychologic
    TaPhisionomic
    ToPhysic
    BoolTeReal
    TuUnreal
    DyStructure
    VectorDiComplex
    DaOrganic
    DoSynthetic
    BoolDeOrder
    DuChaos
    RyDirection
    VectorRiOutward
    RaPosition
    RoInward
    BoolReMobile
    RuImmobile
    SyRelation
    VectorSiWith
    SaUnited
    SoWithout
    BoolSeRelated
    SuUnrelated
    LyCounter
    VectorLiMultiple
    LaSingle
    LoNone
    BoolLePush
    LuPop
    JyModality
    VectorJiCertain
    JaPossible
    JoImpossible
    BoolJe?
    Ju?
    VyAlignment
    VectorViPositive
    VaNeutral
    VoNegative
    BoolVeTrue
    VuFalse
    FyInteraction
    VectorFiTo_make
    FaTo_see
    FoTo_be
    BoolFeActive
    FuInactive

    Vocabulary

    Pronouns

    Usually, a sentence is expected to be at the first person if a pronoun has not already been declared, pronouns are often ommited when possible.

    English I give you the book. Lietal Fïr lari todoti. Construct to_give you book
    IlaroHe shelärYoulari
    WeliroTheyliraYouslïr
    MykolaroHis herkolärYourkolari
    OurkoliroTheirkoliraYousrkolïr

    Questions

    Question words are used as a parameter to a verb.

    English where are you? Lietal Lari'of jaky. Construct you.to_be where
    WhenjadiWhojädWhatjado
    HowjafyWhichjalyWherejaky

    Tenses

    A Lietal sentence is, by default, at the present tense. The present tense marker is used to contrast against an already defined tense. Tenses markers are used at the end of the sentence.

    English I could not go to school. Lietal Fori'dijör radoti. Construct to_go.negative_past school
    PastdiroPresentdiraFuturedïr
    NegativedijoPotentialdijaImperativedïj
    Negative pastdijörNegative presentdijoraNegative futuredijori
    Potential pastdijaroPotential futuredijariPotential presentdijär
    Imperative pastdijiroImperative presentdijiraImperative futuredijïr
    Imperative negativedijio

    Verbs

    Verbs are used at the end of a sentence, right before the tense marker. They are not conjugated. Verbs are generally built from the fy family.

    English I will take the book home. Lietal Tokafo'ar ev firo'dïr todoti. Construct house.to ! to_take.future book
    To goforiTo stayforaTo comeför
    To addfïsTo removefiloTo substractfiso
    To combinefïsTo assemblefïsTo dividefïl
    To takefiroTo holdfiraTo givefïr
    To listenfaroTo seeafTo showfari
    To becomeforiTo writefïtTo drawfita
    To buildfitoTo understandfatiTo sayfari
    To speakfariTo warnfarijavoTo destroyfilo
    To beofTo readfataiTo rememberfadiro
    To wearfotakoTo walkforiloraTo askfaroja
    To namefatadyTo talkfaretiTo insertfiko
    To findfajiTo searchfäjTo openfiro
    To doifTo containfokiTo enterforoka
    To leaveforikaTo attackfivotaTo havefoki
    To editfide

    Prepositions

    Lietal prepositions are aeths used as particles, placed after the word that they affect.

    English I am going to the house in the city. Lietal Fori'dïr doradali'tokafo'ok. Construct to_go.future city.house.inside
    OnikOntoikAtakInok
    InsideokUnderkötWillijCanaj
    CannotojTowardirToarFromor
    AgainliaWithisNearsikaOutsidekia
    MultipleilNoneolManyilWheneversalïd
    WhereversaliraWhoeversalidaEveryonesalidaEverythingsadola
    AndisHerekärBetweenkäs

    Colors

    Colors are built by combining lyra(speed) and lyfa(color).

    English yellow is between red and green. Lietal Lyfalök'of el lyfalo es lyfäl ul'käs. Construct yellow.to_be [ red & green ].between
    VioletlyfaliBluelyfalokiGreenlyfäl
    YellowlyfalökRedlyfaloWhitelyfasi
    GreylyfäsBlacklyfaso

    Numbers

    Numbers are built by combining yl(counter) and ys(relation). When base10 is used, eleven is not used.

    23 Lira'il lio. 341 Loe'lio ul'lï al. 1782 Lae ul'lisa ul'lïs il. 900'780 Lielo'liro loe'lisa ul'lïs.
    0ol1al2il3lio
    4lia56liso7lisa
    8lïs9liro10lira11lïr
    100loe1000lae10'000lie100'000lielo
    1'000'000liela10'000'000lieli100'000'000lieso1'000'000'000liesa
    10^7liesi10^8liero10^9liera10^10lieri

    When going through a long number, one can choose to use ul instead of the next immediate zero.

    29'600'000 Lieli'il liela'liro lielo'liso. 29'600'000 Lieli'il ul'liro ul'liso.

    When one wants to talk about mathematics.

    2 + 4 + 6 Fïs el il es lia es liso ul. 2.64 Il'ok lira'liso lia. 2 / 6 = 3 Fïl el il es liso ul ev of lio. 2 - 6 = -4 Fiso el il es liso ul ev of lio'dijo.

    Foreign words

    People's names, or words without Lietal equivalence, are usually Lietalized, which is the process of spelling foreign words with lietal constructs.

    CatkätTelephonetëlföOwljöl
    FoxföjBatvätLietallietäl

    Grammar

    The grammar is akin to that of an object oriented programming language, look at the follow sentence and observe how even parenteses have phonetics attached.

    WelcomeViro. GoodbyeVïr.
    Yes, I understandIv fati'dija. No, I don't understandOv fati'dijo.
    Speak to me in LietalFari'dïj lietäl. Please, say that againJavi fari'dïj lia.
    Do you speak Lietal?Fari'dijär lietäl. Yes, I speak a littleIv fari'dijär talo.
    What is your name?Tady'of jado. My name is LucasTady el lucas ul.

    Construction

    English My name is Lucas. Lietal Tady'of lucas. Construct name.to_be Lucas

    Notice how the pronoun was ommited, in return if you want to address another person. This will have the effect of saying something like "But your name is Lucas."

    English Your name is Lucas. Lietal Lari'tady'of lucas. Construct You.name.to_be Lucas

    Now let us look at how the tenses are used as the method of an action.

    English Call me Lucas. Lietal Fatady'dïj laro lucas. Construct to_name.imperative I Lucas

    Collections

    Sequences of things can be grouped together into collections and used as a single entity.

    English The house is red and blue Lietal Tokafo'of el lyfalo es lyfaloki ul. Construct house.to_be [ red & blue ]

    Below is another example with a different sentence structure.

    English The red and blue house is small. Lietal Tokafo el lyfalo es lyfaloki ul'of taro. Construct house [ red & blue ].to_be small

    Numbers are also using collections

    English The address is two hundred twenty three. Lietal Tokafo'tady el loe'il lira'lio lia ul. Construct house.name [ 100.2 10.3 4 ]

    Settings

    Settings are the environment of the sentence, it preceeds a sentence.

    English I will go to school tomorrow. Lietal Dilai ev fori'dïr kadoti. Construct tomorrow ! to_go.future library

    Here is the usage of a collection as the settings.

    English I will go to school, either today or tomorrow. Lietal El dila us dilai ul ev fori'dïr kadoti. Construct [ today | tomorrow ] ! to_go.future library

    Summary

    Here is an example including all of the previous lessons.

    English Tomorrow, I might go to either the school, home or to the library Lietal Dilai ev fori'dijari el radoti us tokafo us kadoti ul. Construct tomorrow ! to_go.potential_future [ school | house | library ]

    Practice

    Introduction

    Below is the translation of a segment of the Little Red Riding Hood, try to see if you can make sense of it.

    Vocabulary

    ChildspeakAdultspeak ChildspeakAdultspeak
    Grandmotherdarokikidarokï Motherdarokidaroki
    Strangerdasudasu Woodskadadokadao
    Basketdosakodosako Cloakdokitadokita
    To wearfotakofotako To sayfarifari

    Dokita taro lyfalo forilora.

    Little Red Riding Hood Dokita taro lyfalo forilora.
    Whenever she went out, the little girl wore a red riding cloakLär'forilora kia ev lär'fotako dokita el taro es lyfalo ul.
    so everyone in the village called her Little Red Riding HoodDoradali'fatady lär dokita taro lyfalo forilora .
    One morning, Little Red Riding Hood asked her motherRïd ev lär'faroja daroki.
    if she could go to visit her grandmother as it had been awhile since they'd seen each otherDija ev laro'fori darokï'tokafo.
    "That's a good idea", her mother said Daroki'fari koti el iv ul .
    So they packed a nice basket for Little Red Riding Hood to take to her grandmotherEl lär es daroki ul'fïs dosako.
    When the basket was ready, the little girl put on her red cloak and kissed her mother goodbyeDosako el sako ul ev el fotako dokita es fïr daroki davita ul.
    "Remember, go straight to Grandma's house", her mother cautionedDaroki'farijavo lär'fori darokï'tokafo'jïr.
    "Don't dawdle along the way and please don't talk to strangers!"El fori salira us fareti dasu ul'dijio.
    "The woods are dangerous." Kadao el vofita ul.

    Development

    Contribute

    You can improve this documentation by the means of pull requests on documentation.rb, and you can add new words with dictionaery.mh.

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